Green Fuels for Denmark

An ambitious e-fuel hub in Denmark to decarbonise heavy-duty transport. 

In the quest to decarbonise the global economy, heavy-duty transport poses a significant challenge. That’s why, together with a consortium of leading Danish companies, we’re building an e-fuel hub to produce industrial-scale renewable hydrogen and sustainable e-fuels for heavy-duty road, maritime and air transport.  

The Green Fuels for Denmark (GFDK) project marks Denmark's most ambitious vision for the large-scale production of sustainable e-fuels. Fully realised post 2030, the hub will have a total capacity of 1.3 GW, with the potential to save up to 1,000,000 tonnes of CO2 over its first ten years of operation. 

How will it work? 

GFDK will provide a flexible decarbonisation pathway for marine shipping and aviation in Europe with an integrated Power-to-X (P2X) logistic and value chain. It couples renewable energy production, biogenic point-source carbon capture and utilisation (CCU), and synthesis of e-fuels with district heating, wastewater treatment, and sustainable fuel use in hard-to-abate transport sectors following a full sector-coupling approach. 

Using renewable energy from offshore wind, an electrolyser will split water into oxygen and hydrogen. The renewable hydrogen can then be used directly in heavy-duty road transport or synthesised into e-methanol for shipping and further into e-kerosene for aviation.  

Located at Avedøre Power Station in Copenhagen, the project strives for a fully circular approach with maximum reuse of by-products, water and heat formed during the process.  

What benefits will the project deliver? 

The Green Fuels for Denmark project will play a vital role in advancing the Power-to-X industry, delivering the green e-fuels that are urgently needed to secure Europe’s regional energy independence and fight climate change.  

The project will be built in three phases:

Phase 1: 10 MW, completed in 2025

Phase 2a: 100 MW, completed in 2027 

Phase 2b: Upscaling to 300 MW accumulated capacity by 2028/2029 

Phase 3: Realise 1,300 MW beyond 2030

In its first phase, the project will produce green hydrogen to fuel heavy-duty road trucks. 

In phase 2a, the consortium plans to produce enough e-methanol to power an ocean-going vessel or several ferries, and to start producing e-kerosene, a renewable synthetic jet-fuel, in volumes suitable to run the first, innovative tests.  

In phases 2b and 3, the project will significantly scale-up the production of both e-methanol and e-kerosene, the latter in quantities corresponding to 30% of the pre-pandemic jet-fuel consumption at Copenhagen Airport – far beyond the fuels needed for Danish domestic aviation.  

Working with leading partners

We've joined forces with Copenhagen Airports, DSV, DFDS, SAS, Topsoe, A.P. Moller - Maersk, Neste Shipping Oy, HOFOR , BIOFOS, CTR and VEKS to realise this ambitious project. By bringing together leading Danish companies from both the technology, supply and demand side, we can unlock Denmark’s potential within Power-to-X, while creating jobs and supply chain development in the process. 

Power to X

Power-to-X: renewable hydrogen and other green fuels

Using green electric power to create fuels for industry and transport