Potential trade-offs from
green energy

Striking the balances of the green transformation


The green transformation will fundamentally change how we generate energy to power our lives. Building green energy systems requires balancing different and sometimes contradictory needs.

A fundamental change in how we generate energy will help the world to halt the climate emergency and sustain our planet and the millions of species that call it home – humans included.

To power our lives, we need to harvest energy from the wind and the sun rather than extracting fossil fuels. Doing so requires balancing different and sometimes contradictory needs.



Renewable energy requires space at land and at sea. Finding the space for renewable energy must be balanced with interests for nature protection and the interests of other industries, including new ways of allocating space.


Instead of digging out and burning coal, oil and gas, which store carbon underground, we need to harvest resources above ground, such as wind, sun, and biomass. But we need to ensure that our use of renewables is sustainable, especially when it comes to wooden biomass for energy generation. Strict requirements must be met to ensure biomass delivers significant carbon savings.


The shift towards a net zero emissions world is a tremendous growth opportunity with net benefits for employment and the economy. While jobs will inevitably be lost in some sectors, more jobs will be created in other sectors through the innovation and massive investments driving the green transformation. Society must support those whose jobs are at risk and ensure a just transition.


There's a cost to everything. But the biggest cost is doing nothing.

- António Guterres, Secretary-General of the UN: Remarks at 2019 Climate Action Summit

Explore how Ørsted manages the potential contradictions that arise from the green energy transformation, with a focus on sustainable biomass, use of space at sea, and working with communities.